형이상학/형이상학Γ

위키문헌 ― 우리 모두의 도서관.
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참고[편집]

  1. It is uncertain to what treatise Aristotle refers; in any case it is not extant.
  2. See Aristot. Met. 3.1.8-10, Aristot. Met. 3.2.18, 19.
  3. Cf. Aristot. Met. 10.4.
  4. i.e., Philosophy or Metaphysics.
  5. The Pythagoreans.
  6. Perhaps Parmenides.
  7. The Platonists.
  8. Empedocles.
  9. For examples of Heraclitus's paradoxes cf. Heraclitus Fr. 36, 57, 59 (Bywater); and for their meaning see Burnet, E.G.P. 80.
  10. sc., in logic.
  11. Every proof is based upon some hypothesis, to prove which another hypothesis must be assumed, and so on ad infinitum.
  12. i.e. the same as "man."
  13. Aristot. Met. 4.4.12.
  14. i.e., that all appearances and opinions are true.
  15. Fr. 1 (Diels).
  16. i.e., it will be admitted that in certain cases where an attribute is true of a subject, the negation is not true; and therefore some propositions are indisputable.
  17. If our opponent holds that you can only say "A is B and not B," (1) he contradicts every statement that he makes; (2) he must say that what exists does not exist. Therefore nothing exists, and so he himself does not exist; but how can he speak or walk if he does not exist?
  18. Aristot. Met. 4.4.27.
  19. If everything is both so and not so, nothing has any definite nature.
  20. Cf. Aristot. Met. 4.4.28.
  21. Cf. Aristot. Met. 1.4.9.
  22. Cf. Ritter and Preller, 204.
  23. Empedocles Fr. 106.
  24. Empedocles Fr. 108.
  25. Empedocles Fr. 16; quoted also (in a slightly different form; see critical notes) by Theophrastus, De Sensu 3.
  26. The only passage in our text of Homer to which this reference could apply isHom. Il. 23.698; but there the subject is Euryalus, not Hector.
  27. Cf. Leutsch and Schneidewin, Paroemiographi Graeci, 2.677.
  28. Aristot. Met. 4.4.28.
  29. Fl. early 5th century; held views partly Pythagorean, partly Heraclitean.
  30. Heraclitus Fr. 41 (Bywater).
  31. Aristot. Met. 4.5.7.
  32. A concert-hall (used also for other purposes) built by Pericles. It lay to the south-east of the Acropolis.
  33. Plat. Theaet. 171e, 178cff..
  34. An object of taste is foreign to the sense of sight; a thing may look sweet without tasting sweet. Similarly although the senses of taste and smell (and therefore their objects) are kindred (Aristot. De Sensu 440b 29), in judging tastes the sense of taste is the more reliable.
  35. Cf. Aristot. De Anima 425b 25-426b 8.
  36. Aristot. Met. 4.4.2.
  37. Aristot. Met. 4.5.7-17.
  38. Cf. Aristot. Problemata 958b 14, 959a 5, 965a 36.
  39. It is not qua grey (i.e. intermediate between white and black) that grey changes to white, but qua not-white (i.e. containing a certain proportion of black).
  40. Aristot. Met. 4.7.1.
  41. What definition Aristotle had in mind we cannot tell; but it must have stated that every number is either even or odd.
  42. If besides A and not-A there is an intermediate B, besides B and not-B there will be an intermediate C which is neither B nor not-B; and so on.
  43. Cf. Aristot. Met. 4.4.5, 6.
  44. Cf. Aristot. Met. 4.3.10.
  45. Cf. Aristot. Met. 4.4.28.
  46. A stock example of impossibility and falsity; see Index.
  47. Aristot. Met. 4.4.5.
  48. The sphere of the fixed stars; cf. Aristot. Met. 12.6, 12.7.1, 12.8.18.
  49. Cf. Aristot. Met. 12.7.