피아노 연습의 원리/1장/3-6h

위키문헌 ― 우리 모두의 도서관.
둘러보기로 가기 검색하러 가기

원문[편집]

h. Slow Play


An important way to reinforce memory is slow play, VERY slow play, less than half speed. Slow speed is also used to reduce the dependence on hand memory and supplant it with “real memory” (we shall discuss true memory below) because when you play slowly, the stimulus for hand memory recall is changed and reduced. The stimulation from the piano sound is also materially altered. The biggest disadvantage of slow play is that it takes a lot of time; if you can play twice as fast, you practice the piece twice as often in the same time, so why play slowly? Besides, it can get awfully boring. Why practice something you don't need when playing full speed? You really have to have good reasons to justify practicing very slowly. In order to make slow play pay off, try to combine as many things as possible into your slow play so that it does not waste time. Playing slowly, without well defined objectives, is a waste of time; you must simultaneously seek numerous benefits by knowing what they are. So let's list some of them.

번역[편집]

h. 느리게 치기


외우기 (암기) 를 강화시키는 중요한 방법중의 하나는, 매우 느리게 치는것, 즉, 원래 박자보다 두배정도로 느리게 치는 것 이다. 느린 속도는 또한 핸드 메모리 (손으로 외우는것)에 의존하는걸 줄이게 하고, 실제 암기로 대신하게 한다. (실제 암기에 대해선 아래부분에서 좀더 다루겠다.) 왜냐면, 느리게 칠 때, 손으로 외우는데에 사용했던 자극법이 변하고 줄어들게 하기 때문이다. 피아노 소리로부터의 자극도 또한 실질적으로 변경된다. (느리게 치면) 느린 연습의 가장 큰 단점은 시간이 오래 걸린다는 것이다. 만약 당신이 (무엇을 치던지) 두배로 빠르게 칠 수 있다면, 그 곡을 같은 시간에 두번 더 칠 수 있다. 그런데 왜 느리게 칠까? 게다가 이 느리게 치기는 아주 지루할 수 있다. 최고 스피드로 칠 때, 왜 불필요한 연습을 할까? ????? 당신은 느리게 연습하는것을 정당화 시킬만한 좋은 이유들을 가져야 한다. 느리게 연습하게 하기 위해, 느린 연습에 여러가지 방법들을 넣어보라. 그래서 시간낭비가 되지 않도록. 잘 정의된 목표없는 느린 연습은 시간낭비 이다. 당신은 그것들이 무엇인지 앎으로 인한 수많은 유익들을 동시에 찾아야 한다. 그러므로, 그것들에 대한 리스트를 만들어 보자.

  1. Slow play is surprisingly beneficial to good technique, especially for practicing relaxation and correct keystroke.

  2. Slow play reinforces your memory because there is time for the playing signals to travel from your fingers to the brain and back several times before succeeding notes are played. If you only practiced at speed, you could be reinforcing hand memory and losing true memory.

  3. Slow play allows you to practice getting mentally ahead of the music you are playing(next section), which gives you more control over the piece and can even allow you to anticipate impending flubs. This is the time to work on your jumps and chords (sections III.7e, f). Always be at least a split second ahead of the music and practice feeling the keys before playing to guarantee 100% accuracy. As a general rule, think about one bar ahead -- more on this below.

  4. Slow play is one of the best ways to purge your hands of bad habits, especially those that you might have unconsciously picked up during fast practice (FPD, II.5). FPD is mostly hand memory which bypasses the brain; this is why you are usually unaware of them.

  5. You now have time to analyze the details of the structure of the music as you play, and pay attention to all the expression markings. Above all, concentrate on making music.

  6. One of the primary causes of blackouts and flubs during a performance is that the brain is racing much faster than usual, and you can "think" many more thoughts in the same amount of time between notes than during practice. This extra thinking introduces new variables that confuse the brain, leading you into unfamiliar territory, and can disrupt your rhythm. Therefore you can practice inserting extra thoughts between notes during slow practice. What are the preceding and following notes? Are they just right, or can I improve them? What do I do here if I make a mistake? etc., etc. Think of typical thoughts you might encounter during a performance. You can cultivate the ability to detach yourself from those particular notes you are playing, and be able to mentally wander around elsewhere in the music, as you play a given section.

If you combine all the above objectives, the time spent playing slowly will be truly rewarding, and keeping all these objectives going at once will be a challenge that will leave no room for boredom.

  1. 느린 연습은 놀랍게도 좋은 테크닉에 유익이 되는데, 손을 릴렉스 하게 하는 연습과 정확한 키를 칠 수 있도록 도와준다.




2. 느린연습은 정확한 음을 누르기 전까지 손가락으로부터 뇌까지의 신경 신호가 왔다갔다 하는 시간이 생기기 때문에 암보에도 좋다.

만약 원래 속도로만 연습하면 핸드메모리만 익힐뿐, 진정한 뇌에서의 기억력은 잃을것이다.





3.느린연습은 연주하는 음악에 앞서 정신을 차릴수 있다.(다음 섹션)

연주하는 동안 컨트롤을 더 잘할 수 있고, 실수를 방지할 수 있다.

이건 도약과 코드를 칠때 적용된다.